An investigation was performed examining the effects of draw beads and blank holder forces on local forces in various regions of a stamp forming process that produced oval aluminum panels. The results showed that provided there was sufficient blank holder forces to prevent wrinkling, the regions with draw beads were affected more by draw bead height than by blank holder force. However, at the die ends, away from the draw beads, blank holder force had more of an effect than the draw beads did with respect to local forces. Additionally, the draw bead height effects at the die end were not directly related but had to be interpreted based upon the effect on strains within the flange region at the die ends. This study may be especially useful for researchers in the automotive sector who are particularly interested in aluminum panel forming.

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