Noise is an unwanted sound; requires reduction and control through the use of absorptive materials. This is imperative due to the adverse effect noise poses to human health, knowledge dissemination, and tranquility which is increasing daily due to industrialization and heightened allied activities. The use of natural and synthetic reinforced composites in noise pollution control is an emerging area of research. This study aims to develop and characterize fly ash nanoparticles reinforced epoxy resin composite for acoustic applications. Samples were prepared with fly ash nanoparticles reinforcement at 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% and investigation of noise reduction coefficient (NRC), porosity and mechanical properties (hardness, impact, flexural strength) of samples were done. Cenospheres were obtained when fly ash particles were characterized separately with the aid of sieve analysis and x-ray fluorescence analysis. The cenospheres are hollow spherical and lightweight, inertfiller material. Correlation between porosity of the samples and their sound absorption properties was observed and showed that as porosity increased, the NRC values increased and as the porosity decreased the NRC values decreased. It was also observed that heat of polymerization, fly ash nanoparticles structure and air bubbles during sample preparation (mixing) influenced the porosity values which in turn influenced the NRC values of the composite. There was also a steady decrease in mechanical properties, as reinforcements were added (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%), this was attributed to the high surface areas and shape of reinforcement added.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.