This paper presents a delamination detection strategy for composite plates using linear and nonlinear ultrasonic guided waves via the wave field imaging and signal processing based on Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometry (SLDV). The anisotropic elastodynamics in composite plates is first studied. Two numerical methods are deployed to analyze the wave mechanics within the composite plates. The Semi-analytical Finite Element (SAFE) method is utilized to obtain the dispersion curves and mode shapes for a carbon fiber composite plate by bonding two quasi-isotropic carbon fiber composite panels together. The Local Interaction Simulation Approach has been employed to investigate the wave propagation and interaction with the delamination. Contact Acoustic Nonlinearity (CAN) between the delamination interfaces during wave damage interaction is presented as a potential mechanism for delamination detection. After developing an in-depth understanding of the wave propagation and wave damage interaction mechanism, active sensing experiments are conducted using the Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors (PWAS) and the Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometry (SLDV). Two delamination imaging methodologies are presented. The first one utilizes the total wave energy to detect the delamination, taking advantage of the trapped modes within the delaminated area. The second one adopts the nonlinear second harmonic imaging algorithm, highlighting the nonlinear interaction traces at the delamination region. The damage detection images are finally compared and fused to provide detailed diagnostic information of the delamination. The damage imaging technique presented in this paper possesses great potential in material evaluation and characterization applications. This paper finishes with summary, concluding remarks, and suggestions for future work.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.