The objective of this research project is to eliminate the spray drift caused by crosswind. Spray drift is an important problem for the agricultural industry. Some herbicides (e.g. Dicamba) can cause serious damage if it drifts to nearby crops that are not genetically modified to withstand those herbicides. Our hypothesis is that the nozzle geometry and the injection angle can be actively/passively controlled to compensate for the crosswind velocity and effectively deliver the herbicides to the target area. The measurements include the breakup regime transitions, the droplet sizes, and the droplets trajectory as function of the wind speed and the injection angle. The current results show that the crosswind modifies the primary breakup mechanism from sheet breakup regime (i.e. thinning and fragmentation of the liquid sheet into ligaments) to bag breakup regime (i.e. the formation bags along the downstream side of liquid sheet) resulting in smaller drop sizes and an increased drift flux. Techniques to eliminate the bag breakup regime are presented.

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