Abstract

The injection of choked gaseous jets into the still air is investigated experimentally motivated by many industrial applications including flares and burners. The objective is to study the effect of injection angle on the jet mixing with ambient air. The experimental methods consist of particle image velocimetry (PIV) using pulsed Nd:YAG lasers of a choked gas jet, seeded with aluminum oxide particles, injected into still air, seeded with water fog. The computational methods consisted of 7.7 million cells simulation using Star CCM+. The test conditions include injection angles of 0°, 15°, and 30°. The results including mean and fluctuating velocities and the flow vorticity are presented. The flow field is not symmetric along the injection axis due to the asymmetric triggering of expansion fans at the jet exit due to the inclined injection plane. Moreover, the numerical simulation reveals the complex interaction mechanism of the expansion fans and shockwaves within the injection port.

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