In this study, we aim to create and validate a Finite Element (FE) model to estimate the bone temperature after cement injection and compare the simulation temperature results with experimental data in three key locations of the proximal femur. Simulation results suggest that the maximum temperature-rise measured at the bone surface is 10°C which occurs about 12 minutes after the injection. Temperature profiles measured during the experiment showed an agreement with those of the simulation with an average error of 1.73 °C Although additional experiments are required to further validate the model, results of this pilot study suggest that this model is a promising tool for bone augmentation planning to lower the risk of thermal necrosis.

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