Alike other polymer material, PolyVinyl Chloride (PVC) shows a clear creep behavior, the rate of which is influenced by temperature, load and time. Polyvinyl chloride bolted flange joints undergo relaxation under compression for which the material creep properties are different than those under tension. Since the sealing capacity of a flanged gasketed joint is impacted by the amount of relaxation that takes place, it is important to properly address and predict the relaxation behavior due to flange creep under compression and reduce the chances of leakage failure of PVC flange joints.
The main objective is study the creep behavior of PVC flanges under the influence of normal operating conditions. This is achieved by developing a PVC creep model based on creep test data under various compressive load, temperature and time. A simulation of a PVC flange relaxation behavior bot numerically and experimentally is conducted on an NPS 3 class 150 bolted flange joint of dissimilar materials one made of PVC material and the other one by steel SA105. The study also provides a clear picture on how the compression creep data on Ring specimen may be utilized for predicating the flange performance under various operating temperatures with time.