The development of flexible, viscoelastic materials for consumer 3D printers has provided the opportunity for a wide range of devices with damping behavior such as tuned vibration isolators to be innovatively developed and inexpensively manufactured. However, there is currently little information available about the dynamic behavior of these 3D printed materials necessary for modeling of dynamic behavior prior to print. In order to fully utilize these promising materials, a deeper understanding of the material properties, and the subsequent dynamic behavior is critical.
This study evaluates the use of three different types of models: transient response, frequency response and hysteretic response to predict the dynamic behavior of viscoelastic 3D printed materials based on static and dynamic material properties. Models of viscoelastic materials are presented and verified experimentally using two 3D printable materials and two traditional viscoelastic materials. The experimental response of each of the materials shows agreement with the modeled behavior, and underscores the need for improved characterization of the dynamic properties of viscoelastic 3D printable materials.