The surface interactions and tribological behavior of titanium-steel contact have been previously studied under the application of several commercial Ionic Liquids (ILs). In certain cases, superior anti-wear characteristics have been experienced when lubricating using ILs. This is often attributed to the development of a protective tribolayer that forms during application. One anion in particular amide, [Tf2N], has exhibited these characteristics with particularly positive results. However, amide is an anion that contains halogens, which are toxic and can cause harm if not handled properly. Due to the toxicity of most lubricants there has been a growing need to transition to bio-lubricants due to their low impact to the environment. This particular work will investigate the use of Trihexyltetradecylphosphonium, [P6,6,6,14]-+, cation with anion decanoate [Deca] as a non-toxic alternative to amide [Tf2N]. [P6,6,6,14]-+[Deca] and [P6,6,6,14]-+[Tf2N] will be compared as additives (1.0 and 2.5 wt. %) in Coffee Bean oil (CB) for lubrication of titanium-steel contact at room temperature.
In this work, tests are conducted using a ball-on-flat reciprocating tribometer as per ASTM G133 with lubricated titanium-steel contact. An AISI 420C stainless steel ball is used on a Grade 5 6Al-4V titanium alloy disk specimen. Friction and wear volume are measured, examined, and discussed.