Based on space curve meshing theory, in this paper, we present a novel geometric design of a circular arc helical gear mechanism for parallel transmission with convex-concave circular arc profiles. The parameter equations describing the contact curves for both the driving gear and the driven gear were deduced from the space curve meshing equations, and parameter equations for calculating the convex-concave circular arc profiles were established both for internal meshing and external meshing. Furthermore, a formula for the contact ratio was deduced, and the impact factors influencing the contact ratio are discussed. Using the deduced equations, several numerical examples were considered to validate the contact ratio equation. The circular arc helical gear mechanism investigated in this study showed a high gear transmission performance when considering practical applications, such as a pure rolling process, a high contact ratio, and a large comprehensive strength.

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