In this work, the morphology and electrocatalytic features of carbon nanotube yarns at the structural level allow for enhanced photoconversion efficiency. The energy conversion of electron-hole pairs within the carbon nanotube yarn (CNY) due to the functionalization with nanostructured photoactive TiO2 phases is remarkable. A well oriented anatase TiO2 thin layer (approximately 100 nm) forms at the interfaces of CNY and TiO2 mesoporous film when the sample is precoated and annealed at 350°C. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) images show the integrity and homogeneity of the TiO2 surface, which is indicative of the overall durability of the CNY-based dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC); Coating TiO2 on self-aligned carbon nanotube yarns provides several benefits from their high chemical stability, excellent functionality, nontoxicity and relatively low cost. The maximum photon to current conversion efficiency (ηAM1.5) achieved was 3.1%.

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