Recently, the development of hydrophobic nanoporous liquids has drawn increased attention, especially for the applications of energy absorption and impact protection. Although significant amount of research has been conducted to synthesis and characterize materials to protect structures from impact damage, the tradition methods needed to convert kinetic energy to other forms, such as heat and cell bulking, during impact protection. Due to their high energy absorption efficiency, hydrophobic nanoporous particle liquids are one of the most attractive impact mitigation materials. When impacted, such particles directly trap liquid molecules inside the non-wetting surface of nanopores in the particles. The captured impact energy is simply stored temporarily and isolated from the original energy transmission path.
In this paper we investigate the energy absorption efficiency of multiple nanoporous particles and liquids. Inorganic nanoporous silica nanoparticles are investigated as the hydrophobic materials. Nanoporous particle liquids are prepared by dispersing the nano-materials in deionized water. The effects of small molecular promoters, such as methanol and ethanol, on energy absorption efficiency, are studied in this paper. The energy absorption efficiency of these liquids is experimentally characterized using an Instron mechanical testing frame and in-house develop stainless steel hydraulic cylinder system under quasi-static load conditions.