Ultrasonography is well known as a relatively low cost and non-invasive modality for real-time imaging. In recent years, various high frequency array transducers have been developed and used for ophthalmology, dermatology, and small animal studies. This paper reports the development of a 48-element 40-MHz ultrasonic array using micromachined lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate (PMN-PT) single crystal 1–3 composite material. Array elements with a pitch of 100-micron were interconnected via a customized flexible circuit. Pulse-echo test showed an average center frequency of 40 MHz and a −6 dB fractional bandwidth of 52%. The −20 dB pulse length was evaluated as 120 ns. The electrical and acoustical separation showed the crosstalk less than - 24 dB. An image of a steel wire target phantom was acquired by stacking multiple A-lines. The results demonstrate resolutions exceeding 70 μm axially and 800 μm laterally. Those results imply the great potential of the developed array transducer for the high frequency medical imaging.

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