As well known that material’s scratch behavior/resistance is considering as a kind of surface toughness parameter, which can affect product’s appearance quality and mechanical property reduction. Material’s surface scratch damage may also accelerate critical fracture existence in following mechanical test process.
In this paper, dumbbell and plate samples of neat polycarbonate (PC) and 20wt% of glass fiber (GF) additive corresponding GF/PC composite were fabricated by injection molding technology. Basically, scratch damage performance was investigated by applying various scratch depths in dumbbell sample thickness direction following with tensile property change discussion. Initially, cross-section of scratch path in samples was observed to investigate various scratch parameters’ effect on scratch damage. Afterwards, dumbbell tension, plate’s drop weight impact test and bending test were conducted. Finally, dumbbell sample tension’s brittle fracture and plate’s impact damage tolerance were discussed based on tension strain, impact energy absorption and fractural appearance. The results indicates that material’s critical scratch depth could make sample’s tension fracture change from ductile to brittle, affecting material’s failure early-warming. Additionally, PC material with surface damage would decrease the energy absorption during plate bending process bearing smaller maximum load and deflection.