Moving Horizon Estimation (MHE) has emerged as a powerful technique for tackling the estimation problems of the state of dynamic systems in the presence of constraints, nonlinearities and disturbances. In this paper, the Moving Horizon Estimation approach is applied in estimating the State of Charge (SoC) and State of Health (SoH) of a battery and the results are compared against those for the traditional estimation method of Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). The comparison of the results show that MHE provides improvement in performance over EKF in terms of different state initial conditions, convergence time, and process and sensor noise variations.

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