In the field of turbo machinery design frictional coupling has been found to be a low cost method to increase the mechanical damping of bladed disks. Underplatform dampers (UPD’s) are commonly used which are metal devices pressed against the blades by centrifugal forces. The main task is to find the optimum value of the contact normal force to maximize energy dissipation. This optimum strongly depends on the excitation of the structure. Traveling waves are excited by engine order excitation and flutter. Flutter caused by fluid structure interaction can be reduced by intentional mistuning of the bladed disk whereas forced response levels will be typically increased by mistuning. A compromise is alternate mistuning.
The present paper deals with the influence of alternate mistuning on frictional coupling of blisks. Firstly, the dynamics of a tuned blisk are explained with a simplified lumped mass cyclic oscillator model. It is pointed out that eigenfrequencies of traveling waves around the blisk are influenced by structural coupling. Alternate mistuning leads to mode coupling with the possibility of energy transfer. The performance of friction coupling strongly depends on the nodal diameter mode shape of vibration which is stated analytically for pure Coulomb sliding contact. Following this, a simplified blisk model with underplatform dampers is developed to analyze alternate mistuning and frictional coupling. The simulation results show a significant influence of the mistuning on the damping performance.