Lateral whirl vibrations in long sections of horizontal oilwell drillstrings, which are essentially enclosed shafts lying on the low side of the wellbore, are potentially destructive to the bit, pipes and downhole tools. Forward or backward whirl can lead to impact with the borehole, and stick slip and bit bounce can cause tool joint failure, twist-off, and bit damage. A complete deviated drillstring has been modelled by having decoupled axial and torsional segments for the vertical and curved portions, and nonlinear three-dimensional multibody segments with lateral vibration in the final horizontal section ending at the bit. The model can predict how axial and torsional bit-rock reactions are propagated to the surface, and the role that lateral vibration near the bit plays in exciting those vibrations and stressing components in the bottom-hole-assembly. The proposed model includes the mutual dependence of these vibrations, which arises due to bit-rock interaction and friction dynamics between the drillstring and wellbore wall.
Dynamic Modelling of Horizontal Shafts With Annular Surface Contact and Friction: Application to Oilwell Drilling
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Sarker, MM, Rideout, DG, & Butt, SD. "Dynamic Modelling of Horizontal Shafts With Annular Surface Contact and Friction: Application to Oilwell Drilling." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 4A: Dynamics, Vibration, and Control. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. November 14–20, 2014. V04AT04A059. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2014-37198
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