This paper presents the research that has been undertaken into the passive humidification device cavity airflow structures and patterns. This was aiming to improve the device airflow, Heat and Moisture Exchange (HME) materials performance, for a greater patient care. However the objectives were to assist in understanding the optimal cavity structural geometries, generating improved airflow patterns over target HME material structures and consequently leading to improved heat and moisture exchange properties.

Airflow studies of the device have been undertaken using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) interface of the ANSYS. The CFD package enables analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer. This paper presents the results of the CFD simulations carried out on different passive humidification device cavity designs and materials arrangements. An optimised design leading to enhanced airflow structures and patterns, heat and moisture properties of the device is also presented in this paper.

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