This paper presents the findings of a theoretical analysis of a two-speed Dual-Clutch Transmission (DCT) for electric vehicle applications. Electric drives incorporating DCTs can offer improved driving economy and range, acceleration and climbing gradeability, with potentially smaller electric motors (EMs). Overall powertrain performance is simulated with different standard driving cycles, including urban, extra-urban, and constant speed driving, and different EM power ratings. Simulation results are compared against equivalent single-speed powertrain, including a conceptual evaluation of powertrain bulk, weight and cost.
Despite added complexity of including a DCT, the simulated driving range is increased by shifting the operating region of the electric motor to greater efficiency regions. This is shown to be more predominant during high-speed driving. In addition, satisfactory drive performance can be achieved with smaller EMs, compensating for added transmission bulk, weight and cost. An outline of further areas of two-speed electric drive research and applications conclude this paper.