In light of the significance of the viscoelastic property of agar to cell-based tissue engineering, this paper presents the stress relaxation measurement of agar using a polymer-based microfluidic device. Comprised of a single polymer rectangular microstructure and a set of electrolyte-enabled distributed transducers, this device is capable of detecting continuous distributed static and dynamic loads. In the measurement, an agar specimen is placed on the device and a rigid probe is utilized to press the specimen against the device with a step displacement input. Consequently, the stress relaxation behavior of the specimen translates to time-dependent continuous distributed loads acting on the device and is further registered as discrete resistance changes by the device. Two agar specimens of 1% and 3% in concentration, respectively, are measured using this device; and the data analysis is conducted on the measured results to extract Young’s relaxation modulus, which is further expressed by a Prony-series representation of the Maxwell model with two exponential terms. The results demonstrate the feasibility of using this device to measure the stress relaxation behavior of soft materials.
Stress Relaxation Measurement of Agar Using a Polymer-Based Microfluidic Device
Shen, J, Cheng, P, Gu, W, Stacey, M, & Hao, Z. "Stress Relaxation Measurement of Agar Using a Polymer-Based Microfluidic Device." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 10: Micro- and Nano-Systems Engineering and Packaging. San Diego, California, USA. November 15–21, 2013. V010T11A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2013-66054
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