The high heat transfer rates associated with phase-change processes, such as boiling, make them an attractive solution in a range of industrial operations. In terrestrial conditions, the buoyancy force is responsible for bubble removal from the surface, which is essential for heat removal from the surface. Since in space the gravity level is orders of magnitude smaller than on earth, bubbles formed during boiling remain attached at the surface and they also show a tendency to coalesce. As a result, the amount of heat removed from the heated surface is different from terrestrial conditions and it can decrease considerably.
Bubble Formation and Coalescence Under the Influence of Electric Fields
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Herman, C. "Bubble Formation and Coalescence Under the Influence of Electric Fields." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 8C: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering. San Diego, California, USA. November 15–21, 2013. V08CT09A030. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2013-64991
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