VOF Multiphase model is used to simulate the flow inside a pressure-swirl-atomizer. The capability of the Reynolds Stress Model and variants of the K-ε and K-ω models in modeling of turbulence has been investigated in the commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software FLUENT 6.3. The Implicit scheme available in the volume-of-fluid (VOF) model is used to calculate the interface representation between phases. The atomization characteristics have been investigated as well as the influence of the inlet swirl strength of the internal flow. The numerical results have been successfully validated against experimental data available for the computed parameters. The performance of the RNG K-ε model was found to be satisfactory in reducing the computational cost and introducing an effective Weber number for the flow simulated in this study.
A Numerical Approach for the Simulation of Internal Nozzle Flow in a Pressure Swirl Atomizer Using Different Turbulent Models and Towards an Effective Inlet Weber Number
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Abbasi Baharanchi, A, Gokaltun, S, & Eshraghi, S. "A Numerical Approach for the Simulation of Internal Nozzle Flow in a Pressure Swirl Atomizer Using Different Turbulent Models and Towards an Effective Inlet Weber Number." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 7A: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies. San Diego, California, USA. November 15–21, 2013. V07AT08A068. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2013-65627
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