Fuel flexibility is widely considered one of the most significant advantages of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). However, the presence of small amounts of sulfur or other impurities in the gas stream can have a serious impact on cell performance [1–10]. Under certain conditions, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), even at the ppm level, can lead to the formation of bulk nickel-sulfides within the conventional Ni–yttria-stabilized zirconia (Ni-YSZ) anode of SOFC’s [9]. Understanding the distribution of these sulfides is critical to describing their effects on the electrochemical activity of the cell.

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