Draw-bending is one of the typical deformation modes in sheet metal forming. It causes serious thickness reduction to sheet metals and very often leads to fracture. Therefore, it is crucial to establish a fracture criterion for sheet metals subjected to draw-bending. In this study, a fracture criterion for sheet metals subjected to draw-bending is investigated using the concept of the forming limit stress criterion. The test material used is a dual phase steel sheet (DP590Y) with a thickness of 1.2 mm and a tensile strength of 590 MPa. Draw-bending experiments of a wide specimen are performed using three different die profile radii: 4, 6 and 10 mm. The forming limit stress of the test material under draw-bending, σDB, is precisely determined from the experimentally measured drawing force and the cross sectional area of the specimen, determined from the strain distribution in the vicinity of fracture using a 2 mm square grid. In addition, multiaxial tube expansion tests are performed to measure the forming limit stress under plane strain tension, σPT. It is found that σDB almost coincides with σPT. Thus, it is concluded that σPT can be a fracture criterion for a sheet metal under draw-bending, at least for the high strength steel sheet used in this study.
Fracture Prediction for Sheet Metals Subjected to Draw-Bending Using Forming Limit Stress Criterion
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Saito, M, & Kuwabara, T. "Fracture Prediction for Sheet Metals Subjected to Draw-Bending Using Forming Limit Stress Criterion." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 2A: Advanced Manufacturing. San Diego, California, USA. November 15–21, 2013. V02AT02A067. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2013-64296
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