The present study investigates the effect of multiple dynamic absorbers on regenerative chatter and resonance caused by forced vibration generated in the end milling operations. Regenerative chatter is caused by the cutting force variation due to the phase difference between the wave left by the previous cutting edge and the wave left by the current one. This phase difference is expressed as the product of the tooth passing period and chatter frequency . The tooth passing period depends on the spindle rotation frequency and the number of teeth. Chatter frequency is related to the natural frequency of the tool and spindle system. If the integral multiple of the spindle rotation frequency approaches to the natural frequency, the phase difference gets smaller and the critical depth of cut at the onset of chatter is increased. Therefore the critical depth of cut varies with the spindle speed and stable cutting conditions are plotted on the chatter stability lobe, which is a chart that represents the boundary between stable and unstable cuts as a function of the spindle speed and the depth of cut. The chatter stability lobe is widely employed to find the axial depth of cut and the spindle speed in which chatter doesn’t occur. Meanwhile, the cutting force variation by the intermittent cutting with an end milling tool causes the forced vibration. The excitation frequency is determined by the spindle rotation frequency and the number of teeth. When the integral multiple of the excitation frequency approaches to the natural frequency of the tool and spindle system, resonance can be caused by the forced vibration. The resonance occurs in the spindle speed resistant to chatter. Therefore, there is a need for a countermeasure against not just the chatter but also the resonance caused by the forced vibration. In the present study, the cutting conditions which can lead to the chatter and the resonance are investigated by the direct numerical integration method. It is made clear that the optimum tuning parameters of the absorbers to maximize the critical depth of cut vary with the spindle speed. Furthermore, a significant suppression effect on the chatter and the resonance by using the absorbers mounted in a rotating collet holder with a spindle is confirmed.
The Effect of Multiple Dynamic Absorbers on Regenerative Chatter and Resonance in End Milling Process
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Nakano, Y, Takahara, H, Yasue, K, & Asaga, R. "The Effect of Multiple Dynamic Absorbers on Regenerative Chatter and Resonance in End Milling Process." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 12: Vibration, Acoustics and Wave Propagation. Houston, Texas, USA. November 9–15, 2012. pp. 199-205. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2012-87218
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