This paper reports experimental results characterizing the hydraulic jumps that form due to liquid jet impingement on micro-patterned surfaces with alternating micro-ribs and cavities. The surfaces are characterized by the cavity fraction, which is defined as the width of a cavity divided by the combined width of a cavity and an adjoining rib. The surfaces are all hydrophilic and thus the cavity regions are wetted during the impingement process. Four different surface designs were studied, with respective cavity fractions of 0 (smooth surface), 0.5, 0.8, and 0.93. The experimental data spans a Weber number range (based on the jet velocity and diameter) of 600 to 2100 and a corresponding Reynolds number range of 11500 to 21400. As with jet impingement on a smooth surface, when a liquid jet strikes a ribbed surface it then moves radially outward in a thin film and eventually experiences a hydraulic jump, where the thickness of the film increases by an order of magnitude, and the velocity decreases accordingly. However, the anisotropy of the patterned surface causes a disparity in frictional resistance dependent upon the direction of the flow relative to the orientation of the ribs. This results in a hydraulic jump which is elliptical rather than circular in shape, where the major axis of the ellipse is aligned parallel to the ribs, concomitant with the frictional resistance being smallest parallel to the ribs and greatest perpendicular to the ribs. When the water depth downstream of the jump was imposed at a predetermined value, the major and minor axis of the jump decreased with increasing water depth, following classical hydraulic jump behavior. The experimental results indicate that for a given cavity fraction and downstream depth, the radius of the jump increases with increasing Reynolds number. At a specified Reynolds number and downstream depth, the hydraulic jump radius in the direction parallel to the ribs of a patterned surface is nominally equal to the jump radius for a smooth surface, regardless of cavity fraction. The jump radius perpendicular to the ribs is notably less than that for a smooth surface, and this radius decreases with increasing cavity fraction.
Hydraulic Jump due to Jet Impingement on Micro-Patterned Surfaces Exhibiting Ribs and Cavities
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Johnson, M, Maynes, D, Vanderhoff, JC, & Webb, BW. "Hydraulic Jump due to Jet Impingement on Micro-Patterned Surfaces Exhibiting Ribs and Cavities." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 7: Fluids and Heat Transfer, Parts A, B, C, and D. Houston, Texas, USA. November 9–15, 2012. pp. 1293-1302. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2012-89104
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