Fuel cell systems are currently regarded as a promising type of energy conversion system. Various types of fuel cell have been developed and investigated worldwide for portable, automotive, and stationary applications. In particular, in the case of large-scale stationary applications, the high-temperature fuel cells known as the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) and the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) have been used as a power source due to their higher efficiency compared to low-temperature fuel cells. Because SOFCs have many advantages, including a high power density, low corrosion, and operability without a metal catalyst, many efforts to develop a SOFC hybrid system have been undertaken. SOFC hybrid systems with a gas turbine or engine show improved system efficiency through their utilization of waste heat and unreacted fuel. Especially, the internal combustion engine has the advantage of robustness, easy maintenance, and a low cost compared to gas turbines, this type is more adaptable for use in a hybrid system with a SOFC. However, the engine should be operated stably at a high air fuel ratio because the SOFC anode exhaust gas has a low fuel concentration. The homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine has both the advantages of SI and CI engines. Moreover, the lean burn characteristics of the HCCI engine make it a strong candidate for SOFC hybrid systems. The objective of this work is to develop a novel cycle composed of a SOFC and a HCCI engine. In order to optimize the SOFC-HCCI hybrid system, a system analysis is conducted here using the commercial software Aspen Plus®. The SOFC model is validated with experimental data. The engine model is developed based on an empirical equation that considers the ignition delay time. The performance of the hybrid system is compared with that of a SOFC stand-alone system to confirm the optimization of the system. This study will be useful for the development of a new type of hybrid system which uses a fuel cell and an optimized system.

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