To make the best use of solar energy, most solar plants are located in deserts or dry and sandy areas, where most of the sand originate in sandstorms and desertification. For large scale solar plants, the structure of the solar panels can reduce the mean wind speed greatly, thus having a great effect on the deposition and entrainment process of the sand and dust. To study the effect of installment of solar panels on wind flow, numerical simulations are applied to get the turbulent flow field in the lee of the solar panels, with inclination angles ranging from 15° to 30° and at different spacing. The results show that 30° is the optimal choice and the performance with larger spacing at 2.5 times panel length is better than the case at 1.5 times.
Numerical Study of Sand Deposition and Control by Flat Solar Panels
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Lan, C, Li, Z, & Ma, Y. "Numerical Study of Sand Deposition and Control by Flat Solar Panels." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 6: Energy, Parts A and B. Houston, Texas, USA. November 9–15, 2012. pp. 643-649. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2012-89648
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