Usually studies related to machining temperature consider a system comprised of workpiece, chip and cutting tool, the effect of tool holder material is not taken in account. However, due to its physical properties, the tool holder material, usually carbon steel, has effect in the dissipation of the heat generated. This work studies the effect of the tool holder material on the temperature distribution during the turning operation of gray iron using cemented carbide cutting tool and without cutting fluid. Five tool holders were manufactured from materials with different heat conductivity: carbon steel, stainless steel, titanium, copper and bronze. Temperatures in eight different positions in the tool holder and cutting insert were measured. The average temperature at the chip tool interface was also measured using the tool-work thermocouple method. The results showed that the measured chip tool interface temperature was less affected by the tool holder material, although the temperature distribution at the cutting tool is highly affected.

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