The burr formation mechanisms strongly depend on the machining methods as well as cutting conditions. Cutting fluids play significant roles in machining, including reduction of friction and temperature. Using a cutting fluid, however, degrades the quality of the environment and increases machining costs. In the present work, initially the effects of cutting fluid application (dry, mist and flood) and their interaction with cutting parameters on the burr size during drilling of 6061-T6 aluminum alloys were investigated using multi-level full factorial design. Second-order non-linear mathematical models were developed to predict burr height for various lubrication modes. The accuracy of the regression equations formulated to predict burr height when using different lubrication modes has been verified through carrying out random experiments in the range of variation of these variables. A procedure was developed to minimize burr size for drilling holes by presenting the optimal levels of process parameters. Taguchi optimization method based on L9 orthogonal array design of experiment was then used which has shown very accurate process parameters selection that leads to minimum burr height. According to experimental study, it was observed that dry and mist drilling can produce parts with quality comparable with those obtained in wet drilling when using the optimal cutting conditions. In addition, increase in cutting speed and feed rate exhibits a decrease in burr size.

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