A single-leg landing is a common type of high-risk maneuver performed by athletes. The majority of anterior cruciate ligament injury is accounted for by non-contact mechanisms, such as single-leg landings. The purpose of this study was to develop a subject specific single-leg drop landing to analyze the kinematics and kinetics of two different types of landings. Kinematic data was analyzed at five points during the landing phase: initial contact (IC), peak vertical ground reaction force (pVGRF), peak joint reaction force (pJRF), maximum knee flexion (MKF), and maximum valgus angle (MFP). A linear relationship was noted in comparing the average maximum peak vertical ground reaction force, average maximum knee flexion, and average maximum valgus angle to the platform heights in both landing styles. An increase in platform height was directly related to increased knee valgus angle in both landing styles. Significant difference (p < 0.05) was noted in the peak vertical ground reaction force between the 60% and 80% platform heights, as well as between 60% and 100% with arms above. Landing with arms across the body yielded more significant difference (p < 0.05) between platform heights in both frontal and sagittal planes. However, comparing both landing styles to each other only yielded significant difference (p < 0.05) at the 100% platform height. A valgus-varus-valgus movement was observed in all landings, and is a probable contributor to single-leg landing ACL ruptures.
A Subject Specific Kinematic and Kinetic Relationship During a Single-Leg Drop Landing
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Tse, C, Nayeb-Hashemi, H, Vaziri, A, & Canavan, PK. "A Subject Specific Kinematic and Kinetic Relationship During a Single-Leg Drop Landing." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 2: Biomedical and Biotechnology. Houston, Texas, USA. November 9–15, 2012. pp. 435-441. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2012-86383
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