In the present study, we report the contact angle hysteresis and drainage behavior of water drops on a number of brass surfaces with parallel microgrooves and compare them to the flat baseline surfaces. Parallel micro-grooves with different groove dimensions are fabricated by micro end-milling process without any modification of the surface chemistry. Advancing and receding contact angles in both parallel and perpendicular direction of the grooves and also the drainage behavior of water droplets on the microgrooved surfaces is found to be considerably affected by change in groove geometry parameters. Very high hysteresis is observed for both low (< 0.2) and high aspect ratio (> 0.7) of grooves and also for surfaces with lower groove spacing due to the droplets being in a Wenzel state. For intermediate aspect ratio (0.25–0.70) and larger spacing of the grooves, droplets remain in a Cassie state and the hysteresis is lower in both directions than that on the flat surfaces. Variation of critical sliding angle (angle at the point of incipient sliding of water droplets due to gravity) with groove geometry is investigated for a range of water droplet volume of 15 to 75 μl. Droplets of all volumes are found to slide much more readily on grooved surfaces than when placed on the flat baseline surfaces. Height and spacing of the grooves are also found to have significant influence on the sliding of the water droplets, as critical inclination angle decreased with groove height and increased with groove spacing. The results from this study may be useful in a broad range of applications where water retention plays an important role.

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