Recently there is some database available on choking flow through cracks relevant to steam generator (SG) tubes to model the critical flow. These data are used in assessing the key choking flow models. Based on this assessment a mechanistic choking model is developed. The model is used to predict the choking flow rates for various experimental conditions for subcooled flashing flow through narrow slits with L/D varying from small values (∼5) to large values (100). Results are presented on the effects of thermal and mechanical non-equilibrium on the choking flow for small L/D channels. A mechanistic model was developed to model two-phase choking flow through slits. A comparison of model results to experimental data shows that the homogeneous equilibrium based models markedly under predict choking flow rates in such geometries. As subcooling increases, and channel length decreases the non-equilibrium effects play a greater role in the choking phenomenon, therefore the difference in model predictions and experimental results increases.

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