In this article, the effects of noise on a base-excited cantilever structure with nonlinear tip force interactions are studied by using experimental, numerical, and analytical methods. The focus of the study is on the enhancement of the cantilever response, when Gaussian white noise is added to the harmonic base input. The experimental arrangement consists of a base-excited elastic cantilever with a magnet attached to its free end. An attractive force is generated at the cantilever tip magnet through another magnet of opposite polarity, which is fixed to a translatory stage. The second magnet is covered by a thin compliant material, with which the tip magnet makes intermittent contact when the cantilever is subjected to a base excitation. For a purely harmonic excitation, it is observed that the tip magnet of the cantilever sticks to the base magnet due to the attractive force. Starting from a situation where the cantilever tip is sticking to the surface, band-limited white Gaussian noise is added to the excitation and the strength of noise is gradually increased. The cantilever tip resumes its periodic motion when the strength of added noise reaches a sufficient signal to noise ratio. This phenomenon is explored by using a reduced-order numerical model and an analytical framework involving the application of a moment-evolution approximation derived from the associated Fokker Planck equation for the system. Since the macro-scale experimental system qualitatively replicates the micro-scale attractive-repulsive force interaction experienced by an atomic force microscope cantilever operated in tapping mode, this study sheds light on the possible use of white noise to control the sticking of such micro-scale cantilevers with sample surfaces.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.