This paper presents the modeling and analysis of an electromagnetic harvester for potential applications in large-scale vibration energy harvesting such as from vehicle suspensions or civil structures. The kinematics and dynamics of a motion mechanism and generator are considered, including backlash and friction. In this study, a dynamic model for a rack-pinion type regenerative shock absorber has been derived and analyzed based on differential equations. To understand the influence of the friction and backlash on the system, nonlinear models have been created. Simulations are carried out to study the features of the design. The validation of the models is demonstrated by comparing the simulation results with experimental measurements. Guidelines are given for the design of this type of regenerative shock absorbers.

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