In order to assure the reliability of advanced gas turbine systems, it is very important to evaluate the damage of high temperature materials such as Ni-base superalloys under creep and fatigue conditions quantitatively. Since the micro texture of the gamma-prime (γ′) phase was found to vary during the creep damage process, it is possible, therefore, to evaluate the creep damage of this material quantitatively by measuring the change of the micro texture. The mechanism of the directional coarsening of γ′ phasesof Ni-base superalloy under uni-axial strain at high temperatures, which is called rafting, was analyzed by using molecular dynamics (MD) analysis. The stress-induced anisotropic diffusion of Al atoms perpendicular to the finely dispersed γ/γ′ interface in the superalloy was observed clearly in a Ni(001)/Ni3Al(001) interface structure. The stress-induced anisotropic diffusion was validated by experiment using the stacked thin films structures which consisted of the (001) face-centered cubic (FCC) interface. The reduction of the diffusion of Al atoms perpendicular to the interface is thus, effective for improving the creep and fatigue resistance of the alloy. It was also found by MD analysis that the dopant elements in the superalloy also affected the strain-induced diffusion of Al atoms. Both palladium and tantalum were effective elements which restrain Al atoms from moving around the interface under the applied stress, while titanium and tungsten accelerated the strain-induced anisotropic diffusion, and thus, the rafting phenomenon.
High Temperature Damage of Ni-Base Superalloy Caused by the Change of Microtexture due to the Strain-Induced Anisotropic Diffusion of Component Elements
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Miura, H, Suzuki, K, Sasaki, Y, Sano, T, & Murata, N. "High Temperature Damage of Ni-Base Superalloy Caused by the Change of Microtexture due to the Strain-Induced Anisotropic Diffusion of Component Elements." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B. Denver, Colorado, USA. November 11–17, 2011. pp. 1649-1655. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2011-62411
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