An investigation to understand the impact of twisted, leaned and bowed blades on the performance of axial turbine was undertaken. A CFD code, which solves the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations, was used to compute the complex flow field of axial turbine. The code was validated against existing Hannover turbine experimental data. Numerical data showed good agreement with measured data. Finally, the effect of geometry changes, focusing on blade lean, twist and bow, on the Avon turbine blade performance, was analyzed. Results show that twisted blade affects performance significantly. Leaned and bowed blade has minor effect on performance.

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