The northwestern portion of the Mexican territory has a semiarid climate with scarce rains and no reliable water supply sources. The cities of Tijuana, Tecate and Rosarito, Baja California, Mexico, are located within this zone and depend on the Ri´o Colorado–Tijuana Aqueduct to fulfill approximately 90% of its water demand. This large hydraulic facility is 147 km long and elevates 4.0 m3/s of water at a height of 1,060 m. It is composed of 6 pumping stations with a total installed motor capacity of 79,500 hp. At this time the capacity of the aqueduct is being increased to 5.33 m3/s by means of installing an additional pump to each pumping station and a 54″ parallel line. The motor capacity increase will be of 26,500 hp. In 2009, its electricity consumption was of 433,589 MWh at a cost of $29,494,630 USD. Emissions to the atmosphere associated to this electricity consumption were calculated to be: 73 tonnes of SO2, 73 tonnes of NOx and 116,467 tonnes of CO2. This paper presents the methodology used to evaluate the potential savings of electricity and emissions and recommends alternatives to decrease its current energy consumption. Results obtained show that 35,949 MWH at a cost of $2,762,300 USD can be saved annually if the equipment performance were at its optimal efficiency. Emissions to the atmosphere avoided would be of 9,656 tonnes of CO2, 6 tonnes of SO2 and 17 tonnes of NOx.
Energy and Emissions Assessment in Pumping Water Distribution Systems: Case Study—Colorado River–Tijuana Aqueduct
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Gil Samaniego Ramos, M, & Campbell Rami´rez, HE. "Energy and Emissions Assessment in Pumping Water Distribution Systems: Case Study—Colorado River–Tijuana Aqueduct." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology; Energy Water Nexus; Globalization of Engineering; Posters. Denver, Colorado, USA. November 11–17, 2011. pp. 467-472. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2011-63278
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