Described in this paper is an experimental investigation of the heat transfer and pressure characteristics in a high aspect ratio, (4.5:1 width-to-height), two-pass channel, with cube-shaped and diamond-shaped block arrays placed in both passes before and after a 180-degree sharp turn. Transient liquid crystal technique was applied to acquire detailed local heat transfer data on both the channel surfaces and the block elements. Reynolds number tested varies between 13000 and 28000. To further explore potential design alternatives for enhancement cooling, the effects of block height, ranging from 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 and full span of the channel height were also evaluated. Present results suggest that a staggered cube-array can enhance heat transfer rate up to 3.5 fold in the first pass and about 1.9 fold in the second pass, relative to the fully-developed smooth channel counterpart. For the corresponding diamond-shaped block array, the enhancement is 3.4 and 1.9 fold respectively. Even though the post-turn turbulence transport in the second pass is generally higher than that in the first pass, the effects of surface-block induced heat transfer enhancement in fact are less prominent in the post-turn region of the second pass. Pressure loss for diamond block arrays is generally higher than that of the corresponding cube-block arrays.

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