Cohesive modelling provides a simple method to introduce a process region in models of fracture. It is computationally attractive since it blends into the structure of finite element programmes for stress analysis. The development of computational methods and applications of cohesive modelling has accelerated during recent years. Methods to measure cohesive laws have also been developed. One class of such methods is based on the path-independence of the J-integral. By choosing a path encircling the cohesive zone, J can be shown to be given by the area under the traction-separation relation for the cohesive zone. Using an alternative path, J can in some cases be directly related to the applied load and deformation with relatively modest or no assumptions on the material behaviour. Thus, the cohesive law can be measured. Methods to measure cohesive laws for different specimen geometries are presented. The methods are used to measure the cohesive law in peel, shear and mixed-mode for an adhesive layer. A new method to measure cohesive laws in shear is presented. The method is shown to give accurate data with a much smaller test specimen than earlier methods.

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