This paper examines and explains two-dimensional, steady mixed convection flow in a porous square vented cavity. The interaction between the buoyancy stemming from one or more heated elements inside a microstructure filled vented enclosure and an imposed forced flow forms the topic of this investigation. Analysis has been carried out for two different boundary conditions. Initial investigations are carried out for walls of the enclosure being isothermal. A second stage of analysis is performed keeping only the left wall isothermal and other three walls adiabatic. Natural convection takes place due to temperature difference between the isothermal wall and the fluid. Forced convection condition is imposed by providing an inlet and a square vent inside the enclosure filled with fluid saturated porous medium. The mathematical model is developed using modified Darcy flow model and energy equation. Through the adaptation of the well known finite element method, solution to this numerical problem is obtained. Governing parameters chosen are Peclet Number (Pe), Rayleigh Number (Ra), Aspect ratio (AR) and the width of the inlet as a fraction of the width (I/W) of the enclosure. For detailed analysis different value of these parameters such as five Rayleigh Numbers (1, 50, 100, 500 and 1000) and seven different Peclet Numbers (0.1, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100) are considered. Effect of inlet to cavity width ratio is examined within the range 0.1 ≤ I/W ≤ 0.5 for a particular aspect ratio. The performance of the enclosure in both cases; are determined by flow visualization and by analyzing different parameters such as Bejan Number, Nusselt Number and Entropy Generation Number. Isotherms, streamlines show substantial variation in their pattern or magnitude. Average Nusselt number and average Bejan Number increases whereas Average energy flux density decreases with increasing I/W. These fluctuations also vary for different Rayleigh or Peclet numbers. The results for both the boundary conditions are also compared to find the most effective value of I/W.

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