To simulate multi-scale free surfaces in the fuel spray of an injector for automobile engine, we combined a liquid-film-breakup simulation and an air/fuel-mixture simulation. The liquid-film breakup near the injector outlet was simulated by using a particle method, and the air/fuel mixture after the liquid-film breakup was simulated by using a “discrete droplet model” (DDM). Distributions of droplet diameters and velocities, calculated in the liquid-film breakup simulation, were used as the injection condition of DDM. We applied our new method to simulate the spray from a collision fuel injector. The simulation results were verified by comparing them with measurements. The liquid-film breakup near the injector outlet and the behavior of the air/fuel mixture qualitatively agreed with the measurements. We found that out new method was useful to the fuel-spray simulation for automobile engines.

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