A number of researchers have reported that biooil was produced through hydrothermal conversion of different types of biomass. However, it is difficult to evaluate and compare these biooils in terms of yields and chemical properties. They applied different organic solvents to extract biooil from products after hydrothermal conversion of biomass. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of extraction solvents on the quantity and chemical structure of biooil. Cattle manure was used as one type of biomass feedstock for biooil production. And dichloromethane (CH2Cl2), chloroform (CHCl3) and diethyl ether (C4H10O) were used for biooil extraction. Results showed that extraction solvents influenced biooil yields. The highest biooil yield of 48.78 wt% of volatile content of cattle manure was obtained when using CH2Cl2 solvent. The main components of biooil extracted by CH2Cl2 and CHCl3 were ketones and carboxylic acids, while those extracted by C4H10O were aromatic chemicals. In terms of elemental compositions and high heating values of biooil, no statistically apparent differences were caused by different solvents. The mean elemental compositions (by weight) of biooils were carbon of 73.79%, hydrogen of 8.18%, nitrogen of 4.38% and oxygen of 13.65%. And the mean high heating value of biooil was 36.74 MJ/kg.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.