This theoretical investigation analyzed the three-dimensional momentum and mass transfer characteristics arising from the multiple inlets and single outlet in micro chamber which consists of a right square prism, an octagonal prism or a cylinder. The effects of various geometric parameters, inlet velocities, and the types of lamination on the mixing characteristics were investigated, and the results were presented in terms of flow fields, concentration profiles, and mixing index. Numerical results indicated that vortex flow and numbers of inlets dominate the mixing index. At larger Taylor number, more inertia caused the powerful vortex flow in the chamber, and the damping effect on diffusion was diminished, which then increased the mixing performance. Furthermore, passive micromixers utilizing hybrid laminations showed better mixing results than those with parallel laminations.

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