A three-row leading edge film cooling geometry is investigated using Large-Eddy Simulations (LES) at a freestream Reynolds number of 32,000 and blowing ratio of 0.5 with lateral injection of 45° to the surface and 90° compound injection. The stagnation jet interacts with the mainstream through the generation of ring vortices which quickly breakdown and convect along the cylinder surface. The coolant penetrates the mainstream both laterally and normal to the surface resulting in increased mixing and turbulence generation. As the coolant loses transverse and lateral momentum it is pushed back to the surface in the stagnation region after which it convects downstream along the blade surface. Surface coverage is uniform but weak with spanwise-averaged effectiveness ranging from 0.1 to 0.3 in the stagnation region. The primary off-stagnation coolant and mainstream interaction is through the generation of a counter-rotating vortex pair in the immediate wake, but which quickly degenerates to a single vortex which entrains free-stream fluid near the surface at the aft-end of the jet. In contrast to the stagnation row, the coolant stays in close proximity to the surface and does not undergo a large lateral displacement along the spanwise pitch. As a consequence it provides good local coverage along its trajectory but barely covers half the lateral pitch. Hence, spanwise-averaged effectiveness is of the same order as at stagnation starting at 0.3 downstream of injection to 0.1 about 6d downstream.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.