A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) electrochemical model has been created to assess high-temperature electrolysis performance of an Integrated Planar porous-tube-supported Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell (IP-SOEC). The model includes ten integrated planar cells in a segmented-in-series geometry deposited on a flattened ceramic support tube. Mass, momentum, energy, and species conservation and transport are provided via the core features of the commercial CFD code FLUENT. A solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) module adds the electrochemical reactions and loss mechanisms and computation of the electric field throughout the cell. The FLUENT SOFC user-defined subroutine was modified for this work to allow for operation in the SOEC mode. Model results provide detailed profiles of temperature, Nernst potential, operating potential, activation over-potential, anode-side gas composition, cathode-side gas composition, current density and hydrogen production over a range of stack operating conditions. Predicted mean outlet hydrogen and steam concentrations vary linearly with current density, as expected. Contour plots of local electrolyte temperature, current density, and Nernst potential indicated the effects of heat transfer, endothermic reaction, Ohmic heating, and change in local gas composition. Results are discussed for using this design in the electrolysis mode. Discussion of thermal neutral voltage, enthalpy of reaction, hydrogen production is reported herein. Predictions show negative pressure in the H2 electrode, indicating a possible limit of H2O diffusion through the ceramic tube. Minimum temperatures occur in the fuel and air downstream corner of the ceramic tube for voltages below the thermal neutral point.
3D CFD Electrochemical and Heat Transfer Model of an Integrated-Planar Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell
Hawkes, G, & O’Brien, J. "3D CFD Electrochemical and Heat Transfer Model of an Integrated-Planar Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 8: Energy Systems: Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Sustainable Products and Processes. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. October 31–November 6, 2008. pp. 417-425. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2008-68866
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