In this investigation, tests were conducted on a single cylinder DI diesel engine fueled with neat diesel and biodiesel as baseline fuel with addition of 5 to 20% DEE on a volume basis in steps of 5 vol.% as supplementary oxygenated fuel to analyze the simultaneous reduction of smoke and oxides of nitrogen. Some physicochemical properties of test fuels such as heating value, viscosity, specific gravity and distillation profile were also determined in accordance to the ASTM standards. The results obtained from the engine tests have shown a significant reduction in NOX emissions especially for biodiesel and a little decrease in smoke of DEE blends compared with baseline fuels. A global overview of the results has shown that the 5% DEE-Diesel fuel and 15% DEE-Biodiesel blend are the optimal blend based on performance and emission characteristics.

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