In this study, the Lattice Discrete Particle Model (LDPM), a recently developed three-dimensional meso-level model for concrete, is used to simulate the behavior of reinforced concrete under severe loading conditions. LDPM simulates concrete through an assemblage of particles (coarse aggregate pieces) connected through a lattice mesh. In order to simulate steel reinforcement, a mesh of plastic beams is embedded in the lattice system. Nonlinear concrete-reinforcement bond is also included in the formulation. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated through the simulation of projectile penetration into reinforced concrete slabs and blast spallation of dividing walls.

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