In this paper, the development of a novel electromechanical brake is presented for automotive applications. The proposed brake consists of multiple rotating disks immersed into a magnetorheological (MR) fluid, and an enclosed electromagnet. When current is applied to the electromagnet, the MR fluid solidifies as its yield stress varies as a function of the magnetic field applied by the electromagnet. This controllable yield stress produces shear friction on the rotating disks, generating the braking torque. An electromagnetic finite element analysis was performed to optimize the magnetic circuit within the MR brake and obtain its design parameters. With these parameters, a prototype MR brake was built; and the experimental results were compared to the finite element simulation results.

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