The investigation of equivalent in-plane properties for hexagonal and re-entrant (auxetic) lattices can be carried out through the analysis of the partial differential equations associated with their homogenized continuum models. A homogenization technique is adopted based on the approximation of the discrete lattice equations according to the finite differences formalism. The technique can be used in conjunction with a finite element (FE) description of the lattice unit cell and therefore allows handling structures with different levels of complexity and various internal geometries within a general and compact framework that can be easily implemented in a numerical code. The in-plane wave propagation characteristics of honeycombs can be investigated with the proposed approach: approximate phase velocities can be calculated from the equations of motion for the low-frequency modes and compared with the exact values obtained through a Fourier analysis of the unit cell.

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